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Hormones called andogens cause an increase in sebum production. An increase in sebum production clogs the pores and drives the p.acnes bacteria into the sebum-rich, low-oxygen environment where an inflammatory response kicks off, leading to red, painful breakouts.
Yes, we do. However, there are different strains of the bacteria and some are more aggressive.
This is a difficult one to answer and science is always discovering more. However, we do know a few things:
You may be more prone to breakouts if you have more aggressive forms of the p. acnes bacteria than your friend with clearer skin.
You may produce more sebum or your sebum may be thicker and stickier, providing a better environment for the p. acnes bacteria to grow.
You may have certain genes that make you more susceptible to blemishes.
You may not be treating your skin properly.
Sebum plays a critical role in blemishes, and people with excess oil may be more prone to larger pores and breakouts. However, everyone can get a clogged pore. We are always shedding dead skin cells and if these are not properly washed and cleared away, pores will get clogged. On top of that, you may have more aggressive strains of p.acnes bacteria, meaning that you are prone to inflammatory blemishes under the right conditions.
In simple terms, purging happens when the gunk clogging your pores (microcomedones) comes to the surface and "purges" out of your skin, usually due to using a retinoid or BHA. Essentially purging is speeding up the exit (and possible severity) of your future breakouts, making you one step closer to clearer skin.
If you are using a retinoid, AHA, or BHA (salicylic acid) product, you could experience some light purging. If you don't like how fast your skin is removing the congested waste in your pores, the quickest and easiest answer is to slow down your use of the purging product. Apply 3 nights a week and work your way up.
It can be hard to tell if you are purging or if a new product is breaking you out, but there are a few telltale signs: purging may look like a regular breakout cycle, but it usually clears up faster. If you are using a new retinoid, AHA, or BHA, it is likely to be purging. If it is a new product like a sunscreen or shampoo, it is likely to be a reactive breakout.
Contrary to popular belief, a well formulated face oil does not cause excess sebum buildup on the skin. As a matter of fact, it can help! Face oils should have a "dry touch" finish, meaning they sink in and disappear. UFO Ultra Clarifying Face Oil is a dry oil with 1.5% salicylic acid, to fight breakouts without disrupting the natural moisture barrier (which can lead to inflammation and further breakouts).
Not likely. P. Acnes bacteria forms biofilms, meaning that they are pretty good at clustering together and sticking to your skin. Plus, the p.acnes bacteria that are already inside of your closed comedones won't get scrubbed away by a physical exfoliant. It's best to exfoliate with an AHA (alpha hydroxy acid), like Good Genes, to remove the dead skin cells, and use a BHA (beta hydroxy acid), like UFO, to gently dissolve the sebum buildup.
A.M.: After cleansing, clear away your pore-clogging, dead skin cells and reveal smoother texture with our bestselling AHA exfoliating treatment, Good Genes Glycolic Acid Treatment. Apply 1-2 pumps to dry skin as a leave-on treatment.
Don't forget to apply SPF!
P.M.: Retinoids are considered the gold standard. In the evening, after cleansing, apply 1-2 pumps of A+ High-Dose Retinoid Serum, to clean, dry skin.
To unclog your pores, follow with 1.5% salicylic-acid infused U.F.O. Ultra-Clarifying Treatment Face Oil. Massage 3-4 drops into the skin. Don't be afraid of using an oil if you have oily skin. Hate surface redness? So does hexylresorcinol, a key ingredient in U.F.O.
Disclaimer: Results may vary depending on multiple factors: skin type and condition, age, health history, concomitant products used, gender, location, lifestyle, and diet. Unretouched photos.